Saturday, 22 July, 2017

One STD is Becoming 'Smarter' and Harder to Treat, according to WHO

Medical illustration of gonorrhea bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae Medical illustration of gonorrhea bacteria Neisseria gonorrhoeae
Sammy Stanley | 08 July, 2017, 00:32

The World Health Organisation (WHO) has recently revealed that oral sex is producing risky gonorrhoea and a decline in use of condoms is helping the infection spread faster.

"The bacteria evolve (d) to resist them", said agency Medical Officer Dr. Teodora Wi.

About 78 million people are infected with gonorrhoea each year, according to WHO.

But, like all bacterial infections, strains have evolved that can evade the mechanisms used by antibiotics and now World Health Organization says they are becoming increasingly common. In 2016, a group of infections in Hawaii showed new resistance to treatment.

But symptoms can include a thick green or yellow discharge from sexual organs, pain when urinating and bleeding between periods.

The untreatable strain of gonorrhoea is rapidly spreading across the world putting millions of lives at risk, the World Health Organisation has warned.

The WHO has called for new drugs to be tested in the fight against a gonorrhea superbug that has emerged which is untreatable.

Information provided by the division about the development of new anti-gonorrhoea drugs paints a bleak picture, with only three new treatments now being explored, all at differing stages of development.

The STD Gonorrhea is getting harder to treat with antibiotics and experts say that - in some cases, it's impossible. There are diagnoses of this untreatable strain in patients living in Japan, France and Spain.

Unprotected oral sex could lead to gonorrhoea bacteria in the throat, mixing with other germs and developing resistance to antibiotics.

"You can get gonorrhea by having vaginal, anal, or oral sex with someone who has gonorrhea".

Earlier this year, gonorrhea was named among 11 types of bacteria that health experts believe pose the greatest threats to human health because they are in urgent need of new antibiotics.

The development of low-cost point-of-care tests that would help stop the practice of syndromic treatment of sexually transmitted diseases, including empiric treatment for gonorrhea.

If left untreated, it can cause permanent blindness in newborns.

Two-thirds of the countries that report resistance data to the World Health Organization have seen cases in recent years in which their antibiotics of last resort no longer worked against gonococci bacteria.

The WHO and the Drugs for Neglected Diseases initiative launched the Global Antibiotic Research and Development Partnership, which Balasegaram is the director of, to address precisely this issue.

Dr Wi told the BBC: "When you use antibiotics to treat infections like a normal sore throat, this mixes with the Neisseria species [gonorrhoea bacteria] in your throat and this results in resistance".

In men, gonorrhea can cause a painful condition in the tubes attached to the testicles.

Even more worryingly, they can develop resistance to many different antibiotics, which now seems to be the case for the bacteria that causes gonorrhoea.

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